For those who are “off topic”: a magnetic monopole is a hypothetical particle, which is a “solitary” magnetic pole. That is, something similar to the one shown in the figure:
Without going into the physics of magnetic monopoles now, as well as into the rather dramatic history of the failures of their experimental detection, I want to now dwell on a series of experiments in which was registered radiation , particles of which could well claim to be still not discovered by academic science magnetic monopole.
There were preserved the drawings of the generator , with the help of which he received particles with a magnetic charge.
Images from the site https://www.fortunadrago.it/approfondimenti/pierluigi-ighina/macchina-dei-monopoli/
D-r Igina registered the presence of a magnetic charge using a compass brought to the copper wire, indicated by the letter S on the picture of generator . Depending on the operating mode of the generator, the compass needle deviated from the middle position to the right or left.
Unfortunately, I could not find in Igina’s writings other arguments in favor of the fact that this device generates particles with a magnetic charge …
In 1996, Dr. Shakhparonov, previously engaged in research in the field of the generation of artificial plasma formations, published an article “Radiation of Kozyrev-Dirac. Detection methods and interaction with the substance “. You can downlod this article here. The arguments in favor of the fact that magnetically charged particles were detected in the described experiments seems quite persuasively. However, you should pay attention to the fact that all the evidence presented in this article are indirect …
Quite unusual and unexpected (including for the authors themselves) were the results of the experiments of the group of Dr. Urutskoev, published in 2000. Studying the electric explosion of titanium foils in water, Urutskoev’s group recorded a number of unusual phenomena:
- The occurrence during electric explosion the spherical plasmoid above the research facility, with a lifetime exceeding the pulse time of the electric explosion current by more than 10 times. The photo below shows the main phases of the evolution of this phenomenon, recorded by electron-optical converters.
Phase 1: Formation of spherical plasmoid
Phase 2: Practically no dynamics for 3-4 milliseconds
Phase 3: The plasmoid begins to decay into small “balls”
- mass spectrometric analysis of the precipitate formed after electric explosion showed the presence of chemical elements that were absent in the starting material of the exploding foil and electrodes.
- the transmutation of the elements, leading to a change in the chemical composition of the precipitate, should have been accompanied by some kind of radioactive radiation. So, it was undertaken an intensive search for γ – radiation and neutrons. No significant x-ray flux was detected in any of the experiments. During attempts to detect the neutron component it was found out that radiation was propagated from the source at a speed of 20-40 m/s, however, this radiation could not be unambiguously interpreted as neutron. Therefore, an attempt was made to register the observed radiation using photoemulsion. The resulting particle tracks had a characteristic shape resembling a tread track from a car wheel (negative image):
The estimate of the energy of the particles that left the tracks on the photoemulsion, based on the blackening area, under the assumption of the Coulomb brakening mechanism, was E ~ 700 MeV.
- the application of a weak magnetic field on the electric explosion region, led to a sharp change in the nature of the tracks on the photoemulsion:
the particle energy estimated from the blackening area reached E ~ 1 GeV.
The latter circumstance (acceleration of particles of detected radiation in an applied magnetic field) brought the researchers close to the question of whether they are faced with the effect of the generation of magnetic monopoles in a plasma discharge.
It was carried out the experiment in which iron foils were used as traps for magnetic monopoles. Since during the generation of magnetic monopoles both N and S monopoles should arise, the studied foils were placed at different poles of a strong magnet so that the selection of monopoles occurs. Thus, N-monopoles should be attracted to the S-pole of the magnet, and S-monopolies should be attracted to the N-pole.
Due to the large magnitude of the magnetic charge, monopoles that are “stuck” in a trap should lead to a change in the magnetic field at the iron core, which with a sufficient number of “stuck” monopoles can be measured by the Mossbauer effect.
Such a change was indeed observed, and this is serious argument in favor of the hypothesis of the formation of magnetic monopoles.
It should be noted that observed particles were not recognized by Russian academic science as magnetic monopoles. Since publication of Urutskoev’s group results the term “strange radiation” was assigned to the radiation observed in such experiments.